The immediate health burden is directly dependent on the nature of the hazard.National health budgets of developing countries are, in normal times,insufficient to meet the basic health needs of the population. In the aftermathof a major disaster, authorities need to meet extraordinary rehabilitationdemands with resources that often have been drained by the emergency response(as distinct from the resources destroyed by the event). Beyond the immediateresponse, decision making in the allocation of resources among sectors is mostlyinfluenced by the magnitude of the economic losses rather than by the healthstatistics (principally the disability-adjusted life year, or DALY, losses) orsocial costs.
Immediate emergency response is provided under a highly political and emotionalclimate. The public demands visible, albeit perhaps unnecessary, measures at theexpense of proven low-key approaches. The international community, eager todemonstrate its solidarity or to exercise its"right of humanitarianintervention,"undertakes its own relief effort on the basis of the belief thatlocal health services are unwilling or unable to respond. Donations of uselessmedical supplies and medicines and the belated arrival of medical orfact-finding teams add to the stress of local staff members who may bepersonally affected by the disaster. The cultural disregard of the humanitariancommunity to cost-effective approaches in times of disaster and the tendency tobase decisions on perceptions and myths rather than on facts and lessons learnedin past disasters contribute to making disaster relief one of the leastcost-effective health activities.
The prime objective of a developing country is to develop. Emergencies anddisasters have proven to be major obstacles and setbacks in the path towardsustainable development. Conversely, the shortcomings in development programsand institutions reduce the effectiveness of the health response in times ofcrisis. Development and disaster risk management cannot be addressed separately.Reducing risk is not a luxury reserved for more developed societies; it is anecessity in countries with fragile economies and health systems. It is clearlya public health priority.
We're halfway through 2020 and still very much under the looming threat of the deadly COVID-19 pandemic. To add to it, natural calamities, man-made disasters, reports of political and civil unrest around the world, and grown international tension would make anyone feel like they are living a disaster movie. With bad weather coming our way apart from the many other factors, we have drawn up a list of top disaster movies that offer all the thrills, chills, drama and even a ray of hope.
We've seen many disaster movies over the years, and let us tell you one thing, they don't make them like this anymore. 'Twister', the 1996 film starring Helen Hunt and Bill Paxton proved to be a runaway hit at the box office and at the award shows, picking up a few Oscar nods in the process. The film, as the title suggests, follow a separated couple of a meteorologist and a weather reporter forced back together as they chase a twister and wreaks destruction on everything that comes in her path. The film boasts of truly groundbreaking visual effects and hence should make it to your watch list.
BONUS SCREENPLAYS TO READ: You can download five more of the best screenplays to read in each genre in this post. Read as many movie scripts as you can and watch your screenwriting ability soar.
Even with the best of intentions by all concerned, it is sometimes not possible to ensure that the rights of all those affected by an emergency are fully and immediately respected. For example, access to affected populations is often difficult, those responsible for responding to disasters may themselves be affected, groups who are already socially vulnerable are usually the most affected by disasters and the logistical demands of ensuring that needed assistance items are in the right place and are delivered may be significant. Resources are almost always limited in the initial phase of disaster response. However, in preparing for disasters, governments and relief agencies can and should carry out their planning in such a way as to ensure that human rights are respected. And with the passage of time, it is usually more feasible for disaster response to incorporate an explicitly human rights focus. 2b1af7f3a8